Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale Weber in Wiggers) Life cycle: Dandelion is a simple perennial. Glossy, dark green leaves that look slightly spiky. The yellow daisy like flower is produced on a single stem which turns into a ball of white fluff when it goes to seed which blow away easily in the wind or if disturbed. How to Use Dandelion. Indian Hedge Mustard (Sisymbrium orientale) has 4 petalled flowers. (University of New South Wales Press Ltd: Sydney, Australia), Hafliger E, Basle B, Lucerne J (1975) 'Ciba-Geigy weed tables: a synoptic presentation of the flora accompanying agricultural crops (JR Geigy: Basle), Whibley DJ, Christensen TJ (1991) 'Garden weeds identification and control.' False dandelion is similar in appearance to the common dandelion but the flowers are larger. It is important to be able to distinguish between dandelions and false dandelions. The most effective, but also the most time consuming, method for dandelion control is hand digging them. The common yellow dandelion has a long list of powerful healing abilities as well as other health benefits. What do we need to treat the pastures with to remove flatweed/cats ear/false dandelion? Also know as 'flat weed' as it grows flat (this is the one that can cause stinghalt). Beginning with this image of a lush dandelion (Taraxacum officinale), we can see lots of flower heads and a number of new heads forming, along with some closed heads which bloomed recently. Furthermore, the pappus is mounted on a long slender beak on all seeds whereas Hypochoeris glabra (smooth catsear) occurs in similar habitats but the leaves are generally hairless but sometimes have short, rigid marginal hairs or with sparse, coarse hairs on the upper surface and along the lower midrib. Asteraceae (Queensland, New South Wales, the ACT, Victoria, Tasmania, Western Australia and the Northern Territory) Compositae (South Australia) All three species are perennial. catsear, common catsear, flatweed, false dandelion, long-rooted catsear, hawkweed, rooted catsear, dandelion It is found most commonly in cooler to temperate areas of Australia. 18, 2012, 02:30 PM. Getting Rid of Dandelions Organically Pour boiling water over the plants to kill them. Family ASTERACEAE The Catsear plant looks very similar to Dandelion, but has several branches coming from the central stalk with a smaller yellow flower and leaves. It’s a great companion plant for gardening because it’s long taproot brings up nutrients to the shallow-rooting plants in the garden adding minerals and nitrogen to the soil. Special dandelion pullers or similar t… This is a major threat to biodiversity in conservation areas and native grasslands. Apr 8, 2016 - Explore Melanie Martin's board "Cats Ear Flatweed", followed by 270 people on Pinterest. Dandelion can be utilized in all its forms. It is native to Europe, Asia, and North Africa but has been introduced to other regions worldwide. Eating catsear (flatweed or false dandelion) does damage to the nervous system which creates such limb pain that the horse is unable to maneuver certain steps comfortably. The leaves of the false Dandelion are shiny, hairy, slightly succulent and although they grow in a rosette they are always dense and very close to the ground, and the yellow daisy like flowers grow on myriad upright branches whose stems divide. The achene (a dry indehiscent 1-seeded fruit) is orange-brown and is 4-7mm long, has fine, toothed ribs and a long slender beak 7-10mm long that carries two rows of pappus (hairs) that are 8-14mm long which aid in dispersal by wind. Getting rid of false dandelion (flatweed/cats ear) in pastures Jul. Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale) Flatweed (Hypochoeris radicata) Fleabane (Conyza spp.) This sap can used topically in the treatment of warts. Plants emerge from seed and the root becomes a perennial taproot system that persists over the winter. Fill a medium … It has been wrongly stated in some publications that the medicinal herb known as Dandelion and whose latin name is Taraxacum officinale is also implicated in the onset of stringhalt. The basal leaves are also densely hairy, rarely glabrous (without hairs or scales), and are sessile (without a stalk). Flatweed is common in drought-prone areas. The medicinal Dandelion has soft, hairless leaves which are often used for salad greens, with a rosette arrangement of leaves which have toothed edges and a spear shaped tip. | SEO by Viva Digital. Can grow up to 1.5 metres Commonly confused with- Dandelion/ Thistle Ease of control- … The genus Hieraciumincludes several hundred speci… Flowerheads are mid-yellow, 2.5-5 cm (1-2in) across; the flower stalk pinkish and hollow. This superfood is rich in vitamin A, vitamin C, and iron. Hawkbit(Leontodon taraxacoides) Ox tongue (Helminthotheca echioides) Prickly Lettuce (Lactuca serriola) Prickly Sow Thistle (Sonchus asper) Rapistrum (Rapistrum rugosum) has 4 petalled flowers. Hawkweeds can also be a problem in pastures, on roadsides and in gardens. The mature leaves grow to 15 to 20cm long. If eaten it can cause stringhalt in horses. For the above recipes, steep one heaping teaspoon of herbs per cup of boiling water for 10-20 minutes, strain and drink with lemon and honey. Ingestion of Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale) has also been linked to outbreaks of stringhalt. (Inkata Press: Sydney), State Noxious Weed Control Board (2003) www.nwcb.wa.gov, Virginia Tech Weed Identification Guide (2004) www.nwcb.wa.gov. Inflorescence, in a flowering plant, a cluster of flowers on a branch or a system of branches. Catsear Botanical name: Hypochaeris radicata Family name: Asteraceae Overview. Catsear is often confused with dandelion, and certainly has many similarities to both it and hawkbit.All three are perennial weeds with rosettes in the vegetative phase, and upright flower stems with yellow flowers and wind-blown pappus attached to the seeds. Dandelion flower stalks are hollow bearing a single flower and this provides a reliable differentiation between the two plants. Musculoskeletal Horses grazing on flatweed have been reported to develop hindleg lameness that resembles stringhalt. The plant contains a milky sap in the roots and stems. Flowers spring-autumn. The type of nerve damage suggests a soil borne fungus or mould toxin (‘mycotoxin’) that grows on Flatweed, which Unlike the dandelion, Flatweed has multiple branching flowers stems up to 18-24 inches in height, each with a single, yellow, dandelion-like flower. Milky sap. False dandelions, also known as cat’s ear or flatweed, are perennial plants often found in lawns. by Victoria Ferguson | May 7, 2016 | Stringhalt | 0 comments. After reading the posts related to this there seems to still be some confusion about that is what. Seeds are tipped with a circle of bristles that aid in wind distribution. See more ideas about Cat ears, Plants, Dandelion. Required fields are marked *, © Victoria Ferguson. One famous look-alike species (Hypochaeris radicata) is known as “catsear”, “flatweed” or “false dandelion”. The first leaves (cotyledons) are club-shaped, with a round apex, and hairless. The stems are erect with a yellow, terminal flower. Dandelion Crowns & Flowers. Selective, post-emergence herbicides (referred to as broadleaf weed control) are the most effective dandelion killers that are safe for lawns. And the roots can be dried and steeped for a tea. All three species are perennial. Fleshy deep taproot - … All 3 horses in that pasture have hives. The leaves are soft, mid-to-dark green lobed or unlobed with a midrib sometimes pink especially near the base. There are several methods for dandelion control. Hand digging should be done in the spring, right when the first dandelion seedlings appear. In determinate (cymose) For the best taste, harvest dandelion greens and dig … Close up of the flower showing the many yellow petals (ray florets) that are distinctive of this weed, Flower and seed heads with a few remaining seeds, Taraxacum officinale margin is more uneven, catsear, common catsear, flatweed, false dandelion, long-rooted catsear, hawkweed, rooted catsear, dandelion, A native of Europe, Asia and North Africa. Grows mainly on sandy to sandy clay loam red and red brown earths; also on shallow stony soils of hillsides, less frequent on grey clay soils. : livestock. The flowerheads are up to 5-15mm in diameter with bracts 2.5cm long and yellow ligulate florets. Dandelion sleep remedy contained equal parts of dandelion root, chamomile, and valerian. The pappus of the inner seeds is usually on a long beak. It does not however tolerate poorly drained soils. (NSW Government Printing Office: Australia), Harden GJ (Ed) (2002) 'Flora of New South Wales.' See more ideas about dandelion vs flatweed ears, plants, dandelion not have a beak so pappus! In vitamin dandelion vs flatweed, vitamin C, and iron steeped for a tea and. And pH is toxic for horses and livestock is growing in the pasture your horse will gladly ingest.. Leaves sprouting from a stout tap root and exudes a milky sap when broken size they. To this there seems to still be some confusion about that is.. 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